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lindagray

American Shad: Alosa sapidissima

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Appearance:
Green or greenish-blue back with a metallic luster
Silvery sides and white belly (colors darken when fish enters freshwater)
Belly with scutes (bone-like projections)
One or more dark spots in a row behind operculum
Lower jaw with pointed tip that fits into v-shaped notch in upper jaw
Similar Species: Other herrings (menhaden, which are often referred to as “shad,” have a rounder lower jaw tip; American shad is an east coast species)
Size: Up to 20 inches (12 pounds)
Habitat:
Occur from rivers to offshore waters
Behavior:
Enter freshwater to spawn; young remain in freshwater, then move out to sea with age; feed on plankton; important baitfish
Additional Information
State Record:External Website This species is not currently eligible for a state record.
Fishing Tips and Facts: Plankton feeders, but will strike small, bright spoons or flies. Their roe (as many as 30,000 in a single female) is prized and their flesh is full of fork bones.

AmericanShadDRP.jpg

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